The Debenture holder functions as a lender to the issuer of the Debenture. Depending on the type of bond, an investor may receive interest semi-annually or even monthly, as is the case with monthly-income bonds.
The insurance provides safety and security against the loss of earning at death or in golden age, against the loss at fire, against the loss at damage, destruction or disappearance of property, goods, furniture and machines, etc.
The role and importance of insurance, here, has been discussed in three phases: Debentures are different from stocks and bonds, although all three are types of investment. If the firm keeps to the terms of the debenture, the person who owns the debenture has no claim on the company and no voting rights.
Effects of Under-capitalization on Shareholders: Source Remarks Financial Accounting: Before coming Debentures case essay to the lower standard and to be satisfied with that, they require certain adjustment income so that the primary obstacles may be reduced to minimum.
Debentures are one of the common long term sources of finance. Compute the different variances to explain the difference between the budgeted and actual profit.
With a slight slackness or negligence, the property may be turned into ashes. Again, the owner of a business might foresee contingencies that would bring great loss. Priyadarshini Special Economic Zones: Nonetheless, a Debenture is backed by all the assetswhich have not been pledged otherwise.
It is often secured by either a change on assets of floating charge on all assets. These requirements are easily met by the life insurance, accident and sickness benefit, and pensions which are generally provided by group insurance.
The insurance policies provide adequate funds at the time of death. If money is staying idle e. This would also increase the reputation of the company. Life insurance provides loss of human wealth. This knowledge makes for a better understanding of the available choices, and helps you take informed decisions.
Capital Real Estate Company Ltd -this will have real estate, importation and sales of building materials while the last one would be St. Similarly in business, too, the property and human material are protected against certain losses; capital and credit are expanded with the help of insurance.
I did not prepare this section in detail, since it is highly unpredictable and I suggest not to waste much time in it. Normally, Debentures are referred to as freely negotiable Debt Instruments.
The burden of interest is fixed in debentures irrespective of the business profits, operational situations etc. The management may follow a conservative dividend policy leading to higher rate of ploughing back of profits.
It also gives an overview of the expected investments in retail sector by the players and foreign investors, laws relating to FDI in retail sector and possibilities of growth of the sector.
There are several advantages of using debentures as a source of long term finance but at the same time they come along with certain disadvantages also. Reasonable cost of borrowing:What Are Debentures? Essay Sample.
In some cases, Bonds are also termed as Debentures and vice- versa and in the case of a bankruptcy, Debenture holders are considered as general creditors. Classification of Debentures. Debentures are categorized into the following types. The word of ‘INDEPENDENCE’ is defined as ‘freedom from situations and relationships which make it probable that a reasonab.
Reserve Bank has exempted the transfer of shares, bonds or debentures of Indian companies made by NRIs through stock exchange in India in case where (a) such transfers are made in favour of an Indian citizen or person of Indian origin resident in India or in favour of a company or other body corporate incorporated in India and (b) sale proceeds of shares are credited to the NRO account of the.
Ethical Integrity While Writing a Dissertation - Executing the actual research of a dissertation is a process that can pose many ethical violations such as fabricating data, falsifying data, or plagiarizing (Committee, ). EVERYTHING ABOUT REGISTERING A COMPANY IN NIGERIA Registering a company is not a hard job as many will believe if you have the know-how.
Registration of all companies is handled by the corporate Affairs commission (CAC) established by the companies and allied matters act (CAMA) just like NAFDAC is responsible for.
Commerce provides advantage as graduation/professional studies are utilized in both paper 1&2. Approx. marks numerical.
Large part of syllabus is static.Download